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Global Studies Cheat Sheet 11/1

5 min read

Religions And Belief Systems

Religions vs. Belief Systems

Religion is a collected belief system usually full of rites and rituals in support of the system and it's core beliefs. It makes people feel they are a part of something and can be a great tool for many in life. Beliefs have no limits. They can be individual beliefs or be of common beliefs.

Judaism

Islam

1.      Arabian Peninsula

2.      The Quran

3.      Five Pillars

1.      Declaration Of Faith

2.      Obligatory Prayer

3.      Compulsory Giving

4.      Fasting in the month of Ramadan

5.      Pilgrimage to Mecca

Christianity

Hinduism

1.      Formed In India

2.      Concepts

1.      Karma

2.      Reincarnation

3.      Caste System

1.      Brahmin

1.      Highest in the social order, most likely to achieve Brahman

2.      Kshatriya

3.      Vaishya

4.      Shudra

1.      Lowest in the social order, considered non-Aryan

4.      Brahman – Ultimate Goal

Confucianism

1.       Formed By Confucius

2.       Five Relationships

1.       Friend and friend

1.       Equal in status

2.       Ruler & Subject

1.       Ruler is superior

3.       Father and Son

1.       The Son must respect his father

4.       Elder Brother & Younger Brother

1.       The Elder brother is a role model to the younger one.

5.       Husband and Wife

1.       Husband is superior

2.       Husband is a role model

Daoism

1.       Yin Yang Symbol represents balance of nature

1.       ☯

Buddhism

1.      “Pain is caused by desire”

2.      Four Noble truths

1.      Life has inevitable suffering

2.      There is a cause to our suffering

3.      There is an end to our suffering

4.      The end to suffering is contained in the 8fold path

3.      8fold path

1.      Right View

2.      Right Intention

3.      Right Speech

4.      Right Action

5.      Right Livelihood

6.      Right Effort

7.      Right Concentration

8.      Right Mindfulness

Civilizations

Classical Civilizations

1.       A classical civilization is a civilization that has made long lasting contributions to society and expanded their empires.

2.       Greece is the best example

Golden Age

1.       Many Classical civilizations have experienced a golden age

2.       An idyllic, often imaginary past time of peace, prosperity, and happiness.

Ancient Greece

Geography

1.       Rocky

2.       Mountainous

3.       Collection of small islands

1.       Led to the development of separate Greek city states.

 

Government

 

1.       The 1st democracy was established in Athens

 

2.       Direct vs Representative Democracy:

 

1.       Direct means that the people vote

 

2.       Representative mean the people vote to elect a representative to vote for them.

 

3.       Sparta VS Athens

 

1.       Sparta

 

1.       Not a Democracy

 

2.       Men and Women are more equal

 

3.       War based

 

1.       Only one piece of clothing given per year to children

 

2.       No shoes

 

3.       Designed to prepare citizens for war.

 

2.       Athens

 

1.       Democracy

 

2.       Women and Men are not equal

 

3.       Women are expected to stay home & be housewives.

 

Spanish Cheat Sheet 10/31

1 min read

alto (tall)

triste (sad)

abierto (open)

nuevo (new)

delicioso (delicious)

feo (ugly)

inteligente (intelligent)

pequeño (small)

tonto (stupid)

cerrado (closed)

grande (big)

divertido (fun)

aburrido (boring)

despierto (awake)

repugnante (disgusting)

cansado (tired)

feliz (happy)

pobre (poor)

lindo (pretty)

caluroso (hot)

simple (simple)

bajo (short)

rico (rich)

complicado (complicated)

viejo (old)

 

Masculine

Feminine

Singular

El

Ella

Plural

Los

Las

 

Science Cheat Sheet 10/31

1 min read

Layers of a cell: Cuticle, Upper Epidermis, Palisade Mesophyll, spongy mesophyll, Xylem (Water & Minerals), Phloem (Water & Food), Lower Epidermis, Stomata, Guard Cells.

6CO2 + 6H2O + light energy = C6H12O6 + 6O2.

Proteins = Amino Acids

Enzyme - a substance produced by a living organism that acts as a catalyst to bring about a specific biochemical reaction.

                -Enzymes are only for one specific function,

                -Sensitive to temperature – 30C to 40C, optimal at 37.5C

                -Sensitive to PH

                -Denature

 Carbohydrates break down into glucose through cellular respiration

Geometry Cheat Sheet 10/30

2 min read

1. The whole is the sum of it's parts

2. Addition - If two equals are added the sums are equal.

3. Subtraction - If two equals are subtracted the differences are equal.

4. Substitution - quantities equal to each other or the same quantity may be substituted for each other.

5. Side Angle Side - Two triangles are congruent if two sides and the included angle of one are equal (or congruent) to two sides and the included angle of the other.

6. Angle Side Angle - Two triangles are congruent if a side and the adjacent angles of one are equal (or congruent), respectively, to a side and the adjacent angles of the other.

7. Side Side Side - Two triangles are congruent if three sides of one are equal (or congruent) to three sides of the other.

8. CPCTC - Corresponding Parts of Congruent Triangles Are Congruent. This is the simple idea that if two triangles are proven congruent, then corresponding parts (sides and angles) of those triangles must also be congruent (or equal in measure).

9. Components of equal angles are equal

10. Supplements of equal angles are equal

11. Exterior Angles Theorem - The measure of an exterior angle of a triangle will always be the sum of the measures of its two remote interior angles. Furthermore, its measure will be greater than either of its two remote interior angles.

12. When parallel lines are cut by transversals, alternate interior angles are equal and corresponding angles are equal.

13. The sum of the measures of all three angles of a triangle is always 180 degrees.

14. An exterior angle of a triangle is the sum of its remote interior angles. As a result, an exterior anglemust also be greater in measure than either of its two remote interior angles.

15. Lines will be parallel if any pair of corresponding angles are equal. 

16. Lines will be parallel if any pair of alternate interior angles are equal.

17. Angle Angle Side - If two angles and a side of one triangle are congruent to two angles and a side of another triangle, then the two triangles are congruent.

18. Hypotenuse Leg - If the hypotenuse and leg of one right triangle are congruent to the hypotenuse and leg of another, then the two right triangles are congruent.